Journal of Mid-life Health Journal of Mid-life Health
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5-9

Effect of menopause on women's periodontium

1 Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, SGT Dental College, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
2 Private Dental Practitioner, Gurgaon, India

Correspondence Address:
Amit Bhardwaj
House no. 1010, Sector-4, Gurgaon, Haryana 122 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-7800.98810

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Steroid sex hormones have a significant effect on different organ systems. As far as gingiva is concerned, they can influence the cellular proliferation, differentiation and growth of keratinocytes and fibroblasts. Estrogen is mainly responsible for alterations in blood vessels and progesterone stimulates the production of inflammatory mediators. In addition, some micro-organisms found in the human mouth synthesize enzymes needed for steroid synthesis and catabolism. In women, during puberty, ovulation, pregnancy, and menopause, there is an increase in the production of sex steroid hormones which results in increased gingival inflammation, characterized by gingival enlargement, increased gingival bleeding, and cervicular fluid flow and microbial changes.

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