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CASE REPORT
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 125-128

A rare case of occult abdominal tuberculosis with Poncet's disease mimicking Adult onset Still's disease


1 Department of Medicine, Dr. Sampurnanand Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Neurology, Dr. Sampurnanand Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Pathology, Bhagwan Mahavir Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Isha Sood
122-Subhash Nagar, Pal Road, Jodhpur - 342 008, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0976-7800.165593

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A 50-year-old female presented with fever, symmetrical arthralgias, rash, painful oral ulcerations and alopecia since 8 weeks. Examination showed mild hepatospleenomegaly. Investigations revealed leucocytosis, neutrophilia, elevated sedimentation rate and raised ferritin levels (3850 ng/ml). Computerized tomography (CT) abdomen showed hepatospleenomegaly, mild ascitis and mild bilateral pleural-effusion. After ruling out occult infections, tuberculosis, malignancies and autoimmune diseases by appropriate investigations, and due to raised ferritin levels, adult onset stills disease (AOSD) was diagnosed. Patient responded to oral steroids initially, but after 7 days developed severe abdominal pain. Repeat CT showed multiple enlarged, necrotic and matted retroperitoneal lymph nodes with caseating granuloma on histopathology suggesting tuberculosis. Patient was given four-drug anti-tubercular treatment and she improved. Thus our patient of occult abdominal tuberculosis with reactive arthritis (Poncet's disease) presented with hyperferritinemia mimicking AOSD. We postulate that extreme hyperferritinemia can be seen in tuberculosis and tuberculosis must be conclusively ruled out before diagnosing AOSD in tropics.


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