Journal of Mid-life Health Journal of Mid-life Health
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 145-149

Knowledge and attitude of adolescent girls and their mothers regarding cervical cancer: A community-based cross-sectional study

1 Department of Community Medicine, ICMR, New Delhi, India
2 Maulana Azad Medical College, ICMR, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Epidemiology, ICMR, New Delhi, India
4 Department of Paediatrics, Maharishi Valmiki Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Pooja Ahlawat
Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmh.JMH_45_18

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Background: Cervical cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in India. The mother's awareness about the symptoms and risk factors has a large impact on the daughter's knowledge and attitude. Mother and adolescent daughter duos were selected as the sample as they are the target population at risk for suffering from carcinoma cervix. Mothers are the prime information providers and in an excellent position to aware their adolescent daughters about cervical cancer. Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine knowledge and attitude of adolescent girls and their mothers regarding cervical cancer and to find the association between the education of the mothers and their knowledge about risk factors. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 duos of adolescent daughters along with their mothers residing in Balmiki Basti (Delhi), using a predesigned, pretested, semi-structured interview schedule. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS-22 version. Results: Only 61% of mothers and 52% of daughters have heard about cervical cancer. Inter-menstrual bleeding was the most common symptom recognized by the mother (50%) and daughter (44%) duos followed by postmenopausal bleeding (47% of mothers and 33% of daughters). Most common risk factors recognized by mothers and their daughters were promiscuity and tobacco and smoking. About 81% of mothers and 68% of daughters have a positive attitude toward internal examination by a gynecologist at least once in 3 years. Human papillomavirus infection was recognized as a risk factor by 13 among which 8 were educated till graduation (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Study revealed a low-level knowledge about cervical cancer among adolescent daughters and their mothers. Therefore, there is an urgent need to empower the women by educating them on this issue. Furthermore, there is a need to encourage the mothers to communicate the right information to their adolescent daughters.

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