Journal of Mid-life Health Journal of Mid-life Health
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 132-136

A Cross-sectional Case–control Study of Depression in Incontinent Women

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, AIIMS, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
J B Sharma
Room Number 3064 A, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, AIIMS, Sri Aurobindo Marg, Ansari Nagar, Ansari Nagar East, NewDelhi-110029
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmh.JMH_98_20

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Background: Urinary incontinence (UI) presents in over 50% menopausal women affecting their quality of life leading to depression and hence needs addressal and treatment as very few of them seek medical help. Aims: Our aim was to determine the prevalence of depression, and the correlation of severity of UI with depression in incontinent women versus continent controls. Methodology: A cross-sectional case–control study of previously diagnosed 100 incontinent women (Stress/Urgency/Mixed) was done over a period of 3 months. The severity of UI was assessed on Patient Incontinence Severity Assessment (a form of Likert scale) and depression was assessed on a validated Patient Health Questionnaire-9 scale. Statistical Analysis: The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 19.0. Results: Most of our cases were 51–60 years, with Urge UI being the most predominant (88%). Hundred percent of our incontinent patients were depressed, with 48% and 45% being severely and moderately severely depressed, respectively. A highly significant correlation was found between the severity of incontinence, amount of leakage, leaking pattern, and depression. Conclusion: All of our incontinent patients were depressed, with the severity of depression increasing with the severity of incontinence.

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