Journal of Mid-life Health Journal of Mid-life Health
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 137-143

A study on prevalence and factors associated with depression among elderly residing in tenements under resettlement scheme, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu

1 Department of Community Medicine, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Udhagamandalam, T, he Nilgiris
2 Assistant Program Manager, National Health Mission, Deputy Directorate of Health Services, Udhagamandalam, T, he Nilgiris
3 Department of Community Medicine, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Kelambakkam, Chengalpattu, 3Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth - Deemed to be University, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Fasna Liaquathali
13/168, Kasimvayal, Gudalur, The Nilgiris-643212, Tamil Nadu
he Nilgiris
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmh.JMH_45_20

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Background: Mental disorders have got high prevalence and low priority among the elderly in most of the countries worldwide, of which depression being the most common treatable condition. The causes for elderly depression are multifactorial and preventable. Objective: The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of depression and to assess the factors associated with depression among the elderly age. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among participants more than 60 years of age residing in tenements under resettlement scheme in Semmenchery, Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu with a sample size of 184. Systematic sampling method was adopted to collect data at participants door step. A predesigned, pretested questionnaire was used to assess the factors associated with depression, and the Geriatric depression scale-30 was used to assess depression. The data were analyzed using SPSS and Chi-square <0.05 was considered significant. Results: The overall prevalence of depression was 35.3%. The factors such as female gender, educational status, occupation, type of family, financial dependency, history of depression, smoking and medical factors such as hypertension, cardiac disease, and chronic kidney disease and life events like conflict in family, unemployment, and financial problem were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Loss of spouse, financial dependency, neglected care, lack of awareness about the disease were found to be barriers in reaching basic mental health care for the elderly. Depression remains one of the main causes of DALY, especially among elders. National Program for Health care of elderly provides doorstep services, so incorporation of depression screening into that can impart the effects of depression on quality of life and DALY.

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