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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 161-167

Menopause-related quality of life among urban women of Hyderabad, India


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ESIC Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
3 Department of Orthopaedics, ESIC Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
4 Department of General Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
5 Department of Dermatology, ESIC Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Sudha Bala
Flat No.301, H No.2-2-1075/A, Shubodaya Enclave, Baghamberpet, Hyderabad-500013, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jmh.jmh_272_20

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Background: Menopause is regarded as the marker for various symptoms such as physical, psychological, vasomotor, and sexual impairing the quality of life (QOL). Objectives: To assess the menopause-related QOL and determine associated factors among postmenopausal women. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 378 postmenopausal women attending the obstetrics and gynecology department of a tertiary care hospital using a standardized menopause-specific QOL (MENQOL) questionnaire consisting of physical, vasomotor, psychosocial, and sexual domains. Results: The study included 378 women aged above 40 years, with majority belonging to the age group of 46–50 years. The total MENQOL mean score was found to be 19.35 ± 16.20, with physical domain score the highest 14.89 ± 11.85, followed by vasomotor 1.98 ± 3.83, psychosocial 1.82 ± 3.29, and the least as sexual domain with score of 0.624 ± 2.21. Post menopausal women with age less than 50 years, No formal education, High socio-economic status, Home makers and duration of menopause less than 5 years was found to have statistical significant association with higher vasomotor domain score; No formal education, higher socio economic status and duration of menopause with greater than 5 years was found to be significant with higher sexual domain scores. Conclusions: Menopause may be associated with a decrease in QOL. Certain sociodemographic variables showed a statistically significant association with the vasomotor and sexual domains. Awareness and interventions that affect the modifiable factors may help in increasing the QOL at menopause.


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