Journal of Mid-life Health Journal of Mid-life Health
Home | About us | Editorial board | Search | Ahead of print | Current Issue | Past Issues | Instructions | Online submission | Subscribe | Advertise Users Online: 503  Print this pageEmail this pageSmall font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size 


ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 107-114

Burden of osteopenia and osteoporosis among postmenopausal women in India: A systematic review and meta-analysis


1 Department of OBG Nursing, Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
2 Department of Orthopedics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
3 Department of Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
4 Department of OBG, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
5 Department of Biostatistics, Vallabhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India
6 Department of Paediatric Nursing, Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India

Correspondence Address:
Judith Angelitta Noronha
Department of OBG Nursing, Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal - 576 104, Karnataka
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jmh.jmh_207_21

Rights and Permissions

Aim: Postmenopausal osteoporosis is a major public health problem around the world. The objective of this systematic review is to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women in India. Materials and Methods: This review was conducted based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. We identified relevant studies through a search of literature published from 2010 to January 2021 in the databases PubMed, Web of Science, ProQuest, CINHAL, and PEDro databases. We searched for cross-sectional studies involving India that were published in English. Results: There was a total of 1631 hits in the initial search and out of which 60 studies were selected for full-text review. Twelve studies were selected for qualitative analysis. Excluded studies were 48 with reasons: 20 studies had included other diseases such as knee arthritis, celiac diseases, diabetes mellitus, and kidney diseases. Eleven studies included premenopausal women, young adults, and men. Ten studies outcomes were different, and seven studies were excluded as they have done retrospective analysis and were commentaries. The pooled prevalence of osteoporosis at the lumbar spine region was 29%, the hip region was 6% and the femoral neck region was 29% whereas the pooled prevalence of osteopenia at the lumbar spine region was 37%, the hip was 6%, and femoral neck region was 37%. Conclusion: This systematic review found that postmenopausal women are at significant risk of developing low bone mineral density, and the prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia was high in the lumbar area.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1028    
    Printed52    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded116    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal