Journal of Mid-life Health Journal of Mid-life Health
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 145-151

Combination of B-mode ultrasound and doppler ultrasound in approaching to uterine intracavitary pathologies among women above 40 years with abnormal uterine bleeding: A multicenter-based study from vietnam

1 Department of High-Risk Pregnancy, Tu Du Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
2 Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Hue Medical College, Thua Thien Hue, Vietnam

Correspondence Address:
Phuc Nhon Nguyen
Department of High-Risk Pregnancy, Tu Du Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmh.jmh_93_22

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Objectives: To determine the role of B-mode ultrasonography combined with Doppler ultrasonography in diagnosing uterine intracavitary pathology in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB). Patients and Methods: This prospective observational study included 150 women aged >40 years with AUB hospitalized at Hue University Hospital and Hue Central Hospital between 6/2016 and 6/2019. All participants were investigated by B-mode transvaginal ultrasound and Doppler transvaginal ultrasound, and the result of sonography was compared to the histopathological endpoint. Results: The morphological features, structure, margin, border line of the endometrial-mass lesion, intracavitary uterine fluid, and Doppler signal clearly differed between benign and malignant intracavitary pathologies (P < 0.0001). However, echogenicity had a limited value in distinguishing between uterine intracavitary pathologies (P = 0.1). The sensitivity and specificity of the pedicle sign in diagnosing endometrial polyps were 50.0% and 97.6%, respectively; for the circular pattern in subendometrial fibroids were 46.2% and 100.0%, respectively; for the multiple vessel pattern in endometrial cancer were 64.0% and 96.0%, respectively, and for the scattered-vessel pattern in endometrial hyperplasia were 43.96% and 56.43%, respectively. Conclusions: Ultrasound B-mode combined with Doppler as a noninvasive tool was significantly valuable in the diagnostic procedures for uterine intracavitary pathology in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women with AUB. It could also help differentiate malignant diseases from benign endometrial changes.

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