Journal of Mid-life Health Journal of Mid-life Health
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 225-232

Evaluating clinical features in intracavitary uterine pathologies among vietnamese women presenting with peri-and postmenopausal bleeding: A bicentric observational descriptive analysis


1 Department of High-Risk Pregnancy and Tu Du Clinical Research Unit (TD-CRU), Tu Du Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hue Medical College, Thua Thien Hue, Vietnam

Correspondence Address:
Phuc Nhon Nguyen
Tu Du Hospital, 284 Cong Quynh Street, Pham Ngu Lao Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City, 730000
Vietnam
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jmh.jmh_81_22

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Background: Intracavitary uterine pathologies (IUPs) may be resulting in vaginal bleeding in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women. Especially, malignant disease needed to be investigated due to its adverse impact on the quality of mid-life women as well as the burden of health-care costs in low- and middle-income countries such as Vietnam. Objective: Thereby, through this study, we aimed to assess the major clinical features of IUPs in women with perimenopausal and postmenopausal bleeding women. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study at Hue University Hospital and Hue Central Hospital from June 2016 to June 2019. The study enrolled 150 women above 40 years old involving with intrauterine bleeding. Results: The mean age of the study population was 51.51 ± 7.65. The most common symptom in perimenopausal women was menorrhagia, up to 62.2% of cases. In addition to intrauterine bleeding, there were 54.7% of cases had at least one other functional symptom, they were pale skin (35.9%), and lower abdominal pain (31.3). Endometrial hyperplasia (EH) was the most common pathology in both groups with perimenopausal and postmenopausal bleeding (PMB), respectively, 66.7% and 51.7%. In PMB group, endometrial cancer (EC) occupied approximately 38.3% following EH. Our study revealed age, menstrual characteristics, and diabetes in relation to malignant disease. Other factors seemed to be less associated with EC. Conclusions: Menorrhagia was the most common type of abnormal uterine bleeding in perimenopausal women. Besides vaginal bleeding, others symptoms such as pale skin, pelvic pain, and fatigue were also common. Length day and blood loss before hospitalization in perimenopausal women were greater significantly than that in postmenopausal women. Age, menstrual characteristics, and diabetes increased the risk of EC in women with PMB.


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