Journal of Mid-life Health

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 107--114

Burden of osteopenia and osteoporosis among postmenopausal women in India: A systematic review and meta-analysis


DS Anupama1, Judith Angelitta Noronha1, Kiran K V Acharya2, Mukhyaprana M Prabhu3, Jyothi Shetty4, Ravi Shankar5, Baby S Nayak6 
1 Department of OBG Nursing, Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
2 Department of Orthopedics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
3 Department of Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
4 Department of OBG, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
5 Department of Biostatistics, Vallabhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India
6 Department of Paediatric Nursing, Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India

Correspondence Address:
Judith Angelitta Noronha
Department of OBG Nursing, Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal - 576 104, Karnataka
India

Aim: Postmenopausal osteoporosis is a major public health problem around the world. The objective of this systematic review is to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women in India. Materials and Methods: This review was conducted based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. We identified relevant studies through a search of literature published from 2010 to January 2021 in the databases PubMed, Web of Science, ProQuest, CINHAL, and PEDro databases. We searched for cross-sectional studies involving India that were published in English. Results: There was a total of 1631 hits in the initial search and out of which 60 studies were selected for full-text review. Twelve studies were selected for qualitative analysis. Excluded studies were 48 with reasons: 20 studies had included other diseases such as knee arthritis, celiac diseases, diabetes mellitus, and kidney diseases. Eleven studies included premenopausal women, young adults, and men. Ten studies outcomes were different, and seven studies were excluded as they have done retrospective analysis and were commentaries. The pooled prevalence of osteoporosis at the lumbar spine region was 29%, the hip region was 6% and the femoral neck region was 29% whereas the pooled prevalence of osteopenia at the lumbar spine region was 37%, the hip was 6%, and femoral neck region was 37%. Conclusion: This systematic review found that postmenopausal women are at significant risk of developing low bone mineral density, and the prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia was high in the lumbar area.


How to cite this article:
Anupama D S, Noronha JA, Acharya KK, Prabhu MM, Shetty J, Shankar R, Nayak BS. Burden of osteopenia and osteoporosis among postmenopausal women in India: A systematic review and meta-analysis.J Mid-life Health 2022;13:107-114


How to cite this URL:
Anupama D S, Noronha JA, Acharya KK, Prabhu MM, Shetty J, Shankar R, Nayak BS. Burden of osteopenia and osteoporosis among postmenopausal women in India: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Mid-life Health [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Sep 30 ];13:107-114
Available from: https://www.jmidlifehealth.org/article.asp?issn=0976-7800;year=2022;volume=13;issue=2;spage=107;epage=114;aulast=Anupama;type=0